Arts & Sciences Research Paper #15: On the Preservation of Lemons

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Our fifteenth A&S Research Paper comes to us from Edmund Beneyt of the Barony of Endewearde, who demonstrates that the delicious preserved lemons of the Middle East have a very long history indeed! (Prospective future contributors, please check out our original Call for Papers.)

On the Preservation of Lemons

Lemons, preserving. Photo by Aildreda de Tamwurthe.

Lemons, preserving. Photo by Aildreda de Tamwurthe.

The preservation of food has been an ongoing struggle against Nature since man first started storing food for later use. There is evidence of the most basic form of preservation being used 14,000 years ago in the Middle East[1], and many different strategies have been discovered.

Pickling, the process of preserving food by either anaerobic fermentation in brine or immersion in a liquid of pH 4.6 or lower, is in use by most cultures across the globe. The range of pickled foods is astounding, from meats and fish to grains. The only limit on what can be pickled seems to be what is available to pickle.

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Eastern Results from the September 2016 LoAR

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The Society College of Heralds runs on monthly cycles and letters. Each month, the College processes name and armory submissions from all of the Kingdoms. Final decisions on submissions are made at the monthly meetings of the Pelican Queen of Arms (names) and the Wreath Queen of Arms (armory). Pelican and Wreath then write up their decisions in a Letter of Acceptances and Return (LoAR). After review and proofreading, LoARs generally are released two months after the meeting where the decisions are made.

An “acceptance” indicates that the item(s) listed are now registered with the Society. A “return” indicates that the item is returned to the submitter for additional work. Most items are registered without comments. Sometimes, the LoAR will address specific issues about the name or armory or will praise the submitter/herald on putting together a very nice historically accurate item.

The following results are from the September 2016 Wreath and Pelican meetings.

EAST acceptances

Alric the Younger. Name.

The byname the younger is found in the Oxford English Dictionary, dated to the 15th century.

Astriðr Sægeirsdottir. Name and device. Azure, two musical notes and a spool of thread Or.

Submitted as Astriðr Sægeirrsdottir, the genitive (possessive) form of Sægeirr is Sægeirs, so we have changed the byname to Sægeirsdottir to register this name.

Beatrice della Rocca. Name.

Nice 15th century Italian name!

Bella di Sicilia. Name.

Both elements are found in “Names of Jews in Rome In the 1550’s” by Yehoshua ben Haim haYerushalmi (http://heraldry.sca.org/names/Jewish/rome_article), making this a nice 16th century name for a Jewish woman living in Rome!

Brennan MacFergus. Badge. (Fieldless) On a wolf’s pawprint sable a ducal coronet Or.

There is a step from period practice for the use of a pawprint.

Bryniarr Ísólfsson. Name.

Nice 13th century Norse name!

Conn mac Branáin. Name and device. Ermine, six acorns azure.

Nice 12th century Irish Gaelic name!

The submitter has permission to conflict with the badge of Stephan of Silverforge: Quarterly per fess indented azure and argent, six acorns azure.

Nice device!

Endewearde, Barony of. Branch name change from Endeweard, Barony of.

The Old English wearde is only found prior to 1200, but is unattested in Old English place names. Ende was documented in the Letter of Intent as an Old English word, but all of the examples provided were as a Middle English deuterotheme (second element). Examples of “End” as a prototheme (first element) include Thendmoore (1586) and Endmoore (17th century), found in Watts, s.n. Endmoor, and Endegat (1201) and Endegate (1208) found in Ekwall, s.n. Ingate. The Old English -wearde cannot be combined with the Middle English Ende- in the same name phrase.

However, we can construct the barony’s preferred spelling entirely in Middle English. A place named le Wearde is found in the 13th century (‘Inquisitions Post Mortem, Edward I, File 98’, in Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem: Volume 3, Edward I; http://www.british-history.ac.uk/inquis-post-mortem/vol3/pp489-508). The family name Ende (derived from the toponym atte Ende) is found in the late 14th century (An Essay Towards A Topographical History of the County of Norfolk; http://www.british-history.ac.uk/topographical-hist-norfolk/vol1/pp345-359). Compound place names formed from the pattern family name + place name are found in Juliana de Luna’s “Compound Placenames in English” (http://medievalscotland.org/jes/EnglishCompoundPlacenames/). Therefore, we are able to register the barony’s preferred form.

The barony’s previous name, Barony of Endeweard, is released.

Endewearde, Barony of. Order name change to Order of the Beacon of Endewearde from Order of the Beacon of Endeweard.

The previous order name, Order of the Beacon of Endeweard, is released.

Endewearde, Barony of. Order name change to Order of the Keystone of Endewearde from Order of the Keystone of Endeweard.

The previous order name, Order of the Keystone of Endeweard, is released.

Endewearde, Barony of. Order name change to Order of the Portcullis of Endewearde from Order of the Portcullis of Endeweard.

The previous order name, Order of the Portcullis of Endeweard, is released.

Eowyn Eilonwy of Alewife Brook. Heraldic will.

Upon her demise, Eowyn grants blanket permission to conflict for any names and armory that are not identical to her own.

Erich Guter Muth. Name and device. Azure, a serpent in annulo vorant of its own tail and a chief rayonny argent.

Submitted as Erich Gutermuth, the byname was an undated header form found in Bahlow/Gentry. As commenters were unable to date this element, we have changed the byname to Guter Muth with the submitter’s permission in order to register this name.

Erich Guter Muth. Badge. (Fieldless) A goose volant to sinister gules.

Gyða Úlfsdóttir. Device. Per pale purpure and argent, a sword between two wolves combattant counterchanged.

Please advise the submitter to draw the sword wider so it is easier to identify.

Hedda Bonesetter. Device. Azure, a comet bendwise sinister inverted Or between in bend two bones fracted argent, on the head of the comet a mullet of six points gules.

Ile du Dragon Dormant, Baronnie de l’. Order name Award of Dragons Scale.

In commentary, Siren noted that escama (“scale”, as in scale mail) is used in a 15th century Spanish order name, named after its badge of a circle of scales.

Jean Michel le Vaud. Name and device. Per saltire sable and gules, a wolf rampant argent and in chief a crescent Or.

Leo MacCullan. Name and device. Sable, a lion’s head erased and on a chief argent a mullet of four points in dexter sable.

Leonora of Østgarðr. Holding name and device (see PENDS for name). Per chevron gules and Or, three lions couchant counterchanged.

Submitted under the name Leonora da Ferrara.

Mærhild æt Anestige. Name and device. Lozengy sable and argent, three fig leaves in pall stems conjoined vert, a bordure Or.

Submitted as Mærhild of Anestig, a timely correction to the Letter of Intent noted that the submitter preferred the byname æt Anestige. We are happy to make this change.

Nishi’o Kageme. Name and device. Or, three hexagons gules each charged with a daisy argent and in chief a increscent azure.

Submitted as Nishi’o Kageme, the name inadvertently appeared in the Letter of Intent as Kagame. We have restored it to the submitted form.

There is a step from period practice for the use of hexagons.

Ragnarr bláskegg. Name.

Nice Old Icelandic name!

Simon Talbot. Name and device. Azure, a chevron Or mullety azure betwen three talbots passant Or.

The submitter requested authenticity for Elizabethan England. Both elements are found in London in 1582, so this name meets the submitter’s request.

Nice cant!

Ulf Jagenteufel. Name and device. Gules, a bend per bend nebuly argent and sable between five open books Or.

Ulf is the submitter’s legal given name.

Ulfgeirr Ragnarsson. Badge. (Fieldless) Within and conjoined to the attires of a stag’s head caboshed sable a mullet of four points elongated to base argent.

There is a step from period practice for the use of a mullet elongated to base.

Violet Hughes. Device change. Purpure, a punner argent.

Nice device!

 

EAST pends

Leonora da Ferrara. Name.

Following the Pelican decision meeting, the question was raised whether this name presumes upon that of Eleanor of Naples, also known as Leonora of Aragon, who was the first Duchess of Ferrara. Therefore, we are pending this name to allow a discussion on this issue.

Ferrara was documented in the Letter of Intent from Florentine Renaissance Resources: Online Tratte of Office Holders 1282-1532, which normalized the place names. The submitted spelling is also found in “Some Names From Giovanni Boccaccio’s Il Decameron” by Giata Magdalena Alberti (2013 KWHSS Proceedings).

Her device is registered under the holding name Leonora of Østgarðr.

This was item 20 on the East letter of June 30, 2016.

An Announcement From TRH Regarding Pennsic

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Pennsic groupGreetings unto Our family of the East
We Prince Ioannes and Princess Honig Von Summerfeldt send our warm regards and our love to all of you. As winter turns, the days shorten, steel rusts, chills turn to ice, and the hearth and home call Us. Rest up my legions. Repair your armor; make strong your family. Care for your loved ones, for We shall call on you for the service and honor of war when the seasons change again.
Yet even now we have taken a few into our service and wish that you hear and know them.

The Pennsic Warlord of the mighty Eastern warriors will be Sir Culann Mac Cianain and his staff will include THL Ryouko’jin Ironskies as Executive Officer and Baron Rory McClellan as Praefectus Fabrum.

The Captain of your Unbelted Champions will be THL Ryouko’jin Ironskies. His regional lieutenants to be announced at Birka

The Rapier General will be announced with staff soon

Thank you everyone for your letters of love and hope for the future
Yours in service,
Princess Honig and Prince Ioannes

Arts & Sciences and Bardic Championships

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Photograph courtesy of The Honorable Lord Hugh Tauerner

Photograph courtesy of The Honorable Lord Hugh Tauerner

Unto Our beloved populace,

As many of you are aware, this year’s Arts & Sciences and Bardic Championships will be a combined event this year. We write this day to clear up a couple of misconceptions about the combining of these two important events.

  1. We received some extremely good ideas from our Peers and members of our High Orders of Merit during the order meetings at this past year’s Pennsic. During our discussion regarding challenges with bids & the increasing number of Kingdom sponsored events, a suggestion was made to consider at times combining events that complement one another.
  2. While this is something new to Arts and Sciences and Bardic Champions it is not a new concept for the kingdom. In several past years, Equestrian, Thrown Weapons, and Archery have all shared the stage with each other. All of these events have gone smoothly and excellent champions have come out of the combined championships. In Our own Crown Principality of Tir Mara, we recently attended the principality championships which combined Heavy, A&S, and Archery championships. We were able to watch and support each of the champions as they competed and were chosen.
  3. Also please, keep in mind that the breadth of our Kingdom and our Society is growing to include many more various activities both Arts and Martial. This means that number of championships is growing in the kingdom, which We greatly enjoy and are honored to support. Unfortunately, the number of weekends on the calendar are not growing, which has greatly decreased the number of non-Kingdom level events that the King and Queen are able to attend to support the local groups.
  4. We absolutely do not feel that the Bardic nor the A&S champions are any less important than any other champion activity: being Laurels ourselves we know and understand the time, effort, and heart that each and everyone of you put into your entries.

We are working with our current champions on a plan to make this work as smoothly as possible, and we ask for your support on what we know will be a fabulous day. It’s a new idea, but we ask you all to give it a chance. We know that We will have to be flexible and We are asking you to please be ready to do the same. Change is not always a bad thing, many wonderful things have come from change. Among other things, we are excited to enable the people who would have only been able to attend one of these Championships the opportunity to see both.

We are looking forward to the Art & Sciences & Bardic Championships, and seeing and hearing all of the amazing art that you display that day.

We remain,
Yours In Service
Brion Rex Anna Regina

Queen Anna’s Birka Garb Challenge

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dama_z_gronostajemUnto my beloved populace of the East,

I have thought long and hard about the fashion show challenge for Birka this year. I have received many wonderful suggestions and it has been a very tough decision, but I keep coming back to something I teach all of my apprentices. “Anna’s Rule #1” is:

Accessorize, Accessorize, Accessorize!

Accessories are what makes a piece of garb into an outfit and every time and place has its own accessories. Shoes, hats, jewelry, bags, belts – leather, pearls, floors, yarn – early period to Elizabethan and everything in between.

So pull out your needles, hammers, thread, beads, wire, metals, leather, whatever you wish to use and get ready to accessorize your favorite garb. Or make something
completely new!

–Anna Regina

Unofficial Crown Tourney Court Report

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On the 5th of November, in the 51st year of the Society, on chilly morning in the Province of Malagentia, those who sought to be Heirs to Brion III and Anna III, as determined by a Crown Tournament, and those others who had gathered to watch and serve, came together before Their Majesties.
The combatants and consorts lined up in a great Procession to each speak with the Crown, each couple presenting themselves in turn. However, when Ameria Browne and her Champion presented themselves, the Crown announced that Ameria’s station was not found suitable. Their Majesties opened Their Court and presented the words of Their forebearers, Brennan II and Caoilfhionn II, and named her a Lady of the Court and Awarded her Arms, dated to November 7th, A.S. 50, and presented her a scroll to commemorate this with calligraphy and words by Mistress Rhonwen glyn Conwy and illumination by Miriam bat Pessah.
At the end of the Procession, Their Majesties called together Their populace. They then called for Doña Camille Desjardins and spoke of the exceptional artwork she produced as a scribe and said that such surpassing skill should be recognised. They then called for Their Order of the Laurel and set Doña Camille on vigil to consider whether she would accept the accolade of Peerage in that Order.
Their Majesties felt that the Order was still be incomplete and so His Majesty, with a look of consideration, strode into the gathered crowd and took by the elbow Sir Michael of York, to that one’s look of great shock. Sir Michael knelt before the thrones and he, too, for his great skill and research into storytelling, was offered to opportunity to consider whether he would join that ancient and noble Order in Court that evening.
Their being no further business of the moment, the Crown spoke to the assembled combatants and then the tourney began. As the dust of combat settled, Master Ioannes Aurelius Serpentius stood alone. Their Majesties brought forward the Coronets of the Prince and Princess of the East. At Master Ionness’ request, his consort and inspiration, Mistress Ro Honig von Sommerfeldt, was crowned first, making her Princess of the East. King Brion, Queen Anna, and Princess Honig then crowned Ionness the new Prince of the East. There was a pause then, so that the Heirs could prepare themselves for Court.
Court then resumed, but found much solemnity in the first piece of business. Their Majesties asked for a moment of silence for Lord Wulfgang Gruenwald, who had passed away suddenly and unexpectedly. “To absent friends.”
The moment over, His Highness Ionness was invested as the Crown Prince of Tir Mara in accordance with Kingdom tradition. Her Highness Honig was invested as the Crown Princess of Tir Mara. Both were given capelets with the arms of the Crown Principality.
Their Majesties called for Master Ávaldr Valbjarnarson, who fought Prince Ionness in the finals, and named him Admiral of the Armies.
The Ladies of the Rose then came forward and offered tokens to those who had impressed them during the day. Duchess Ethedreda’s token went to Baroness Mari Clock van Hoorne. Countess Elsepth’s token was given to Baron Sigurthr VigurHafn. Countess Mara’s token went to Lady Vasia Von Königsburg. Duchess Thyra gave her token to Sir Matthew des Arden. Master Ávaldr Valbjarnarson received Duchess Avelina’s token. Duchess Katherine gave two tokens, one to Baron Rory MacLellan and another to Lord Richard Crowe. Jarl Valgard Stonecleaver accepted Duchess Brenwen’s token. Countess Svava gave her token to Sir Edward MacGyver dos Scorpus. Countess Violante gave her token to Prince Ionness. Princess Honig’s token went to Lady Solveig Bjarnardottir.
Queen Anna then called for the Shield of Chivalry from its current bearer, Sir Wilhelm von Ostenbrucke. Sir Wilhelm was, sadly, called away for the day but the shield was brought forward by his wife and inspiration, Mistress Vienna de la Mer.
Her Majesty then called for Sir Hrafn Bonesetter and named him the newest bearer of the Shield of Chivalry.
The Crown called for Mistress Mercedes de Calafia and accepted her to another term as Kingdom Seneschal.
The King and Queen then called for the children of the East to attend them. As has become Their custom, they set before the children a quest to learn more about the SCA while receiving a toy. Their Majesties called for their Earl Marshal, Sir Jibril al Dakhil, who may have denied he was there before skipping up the aisle, and asked that he speak to the children of the ways of chivalry and combat.
Those new to the Society, attending their first events, were called forward and given tokens that they might remember the day with fondness in the future.
Next, the event stewards – Lord Nicolas de Wyntere and Baroness Molly Schofield – were called forward and thanked for the wonderful event they put together. Lord Nicolas and Baroness Molly then thanked Talia of Malagentia for her work with the dayboard.
Their Majesties summoned Murtagh O’Kelly and spoke of his fighting, garbmaking, runecraft, and boat-making, and felt these things all very worthy. They Awarded him Arms and gave Lord Murtagh a scroll to remember the day, a woodblock print by Mistress Renye Wurm, with words and calligraphy by Mistress Nest verch Tangwistel.
Lijsbet von Catwick was called forward. The King and Queen spoke of her work as an herbalist and preparer of fine foods and shaped sugar. They then asked the Order of the Silver Brooch to stand and made Lijsbet and member of that Order and also Awarded her Arms. She was given a scroll to commemorate this, illuminated by Mistress Agatha Wanderer, calligraphed by His Lordship Gwilliam Kynith, with words by Mistress Aneleda Falconbridge and Anna Bijns.
The Order of the Silver Brooch not complete, Their Majesties requested the presence of Lady Elgiva Wilhelm. For her work as a tailor and cook, They named her a Companion of that Order, giving her a scroll crafted by Baroness Marieta Charay.
Next, the Crown called for Aesa Ormstunga. For her skill in rapier and service to that community as a marshal for Malagentia and at Great Northeastern War, she was inducted into the Order of the Silver Rapier. She received a scroll penned by Lady Aesa feilinn Jossursdottir.
Their Majesties then had read a scroll for Conner MacSeamus O’Neal awarding him the Order of the Maunche. Lord Conner was not present, but he had been inducted into the said Order at K&Q Rapier Champions on October 22nd, A.S. 51. The scroll was made by Lord Vettorio Antonello.
Titus Claudius Silvanus was called before the Crown, who spoke of his skill fighting in both the Birka bear pit and on the Unbelted Champions team, and named him a Companion of the Order of the Silver Tyger. To remember the day, he was given a scroll prepared by Lady Myrun Leifsdottir, with words by Mistress Alys Mackyntoich.
King Brion and Queen Anna then requested the attendance of Lord Brenden Crane. For his work documenting the events of the East Kingdom for all to see, and teaching those skills, he was named a Companion of the Silver Wheel and received a scroll crafted by Lady Svea the Short-Sighted.
Her Majesty then called for Jarl Thorvald Halversson called Thorson and thanked him for his friendship and “being you”. She took a ring from Her finger and presented this token to him.
Their Majesties then called for Lord Samuel Peter DeBump called Speedbump. They spoke of his skill as a combat archer, his dedication, skill, and teaching, and his time as a regional marshal and found all these things worthy. They asked the Order of the Golden Mantle to stand, named him a Companion of the same, and gave to him a scroll crafted by Boyer Aleksei Dmitriev.
The Crown then requested the answer to the question set before Sir Michael of York. He agreed that he would accept a place in the Order of the Laurel. The Order was called forward, and words from the worthies of the peerage were read. Duke Kenric aet Essex read the words of Duke Brennan mac Fearghus for the Chivalry. Duchess Thyra Eiriksdottir spoke for the Roses. Master Frasier MacLeod brought the words of Master Nataliia Anastasiia Evgenova Sviatoslavina vnuchka for the Order of Defense. (There may be rumours that he kneeled so he could properly convey her words.) Countess Svava Þorgeirsdóttir spoke for the Pelican. Lastly, Mistress Anne of Framlingham spoke for the Order of the Laurel. Sir Michael was then outfitted in the regalia of the Order. He was given a cloak, a hood, and a pin. That finished, he renewed his oath of fealty to the Crown. Lastly, he was given a scroll with calligraphy and illumination by Mistress Eleanor Catlyng, words by Mistress Aildreda de Tamwurthe, and seals by Mistress Nest verch Tangwistel.
That business completed, Their Majesties called for the answer to the question set before Doña Camille Desjardins. She agreed to accept a place in the Order of the Laurel but first needed to be released from her apprenticeship. Mistress Bryn de Luna, Camille’s grand-Laurel, released her in the absence of her own Laurel, Mistress Carolyne de la Pointe. That finished, words were spoken of Camille’s character. Sir Edward MacGyver dos Scorpus spoke for the Chivalry. Duchess Katherine Stanhope read the words of Countess Marguerite ingen Lachlainn, speaking for the Order of the Rose. Master Frasier MacLeod spoke for the Order of Defense. Colonel Christian Woolfe spoke for the Pelican. Finally, Mistress Bryn de Luna spoke for the Laurel. Camille was then bedecked in the regalia of her Order. She was given a set of garters, a medallion, a cloak, and a wreath that had belonged to her Laurel, Mistress Carolyne. Mistress Camille then offered her fealty to the Crown and was then given a scroll illuminated by Mistress Ro Honig von Somerfeldt with words and calligraphy by Lady Christiana Crane.
Their Majesties then asked the people of Malagentia to stand and thanked them and offered Their gratitude for the wonderful event they put together.
Princess Honig then stood and, tears in her eyes, thanked her family and the people of Malagentia for the day.
There being no further business, Court was concluded and Their Majesties and Their Highnesses processed from the hall.
These are the events of the day as I recall them. My thanks to the people of Malagentia, the guards and retainers, the heralds and scribes, the combatants and consorts, and all those who made the day the event it was.
For Crown and College,
Pray know I remain,
Master Rowen Cloteworthy

Autocrats Colloquium: Topics, Parking and Restaurant Map

The Autocrats Colloquium will be held this Saturday in Arlington, MA.  Attendees should wear regular clothes, not garb, to listen to SCA experts offer their insights on what an autocrat needs to know.  A dayboard is not being served – although coffee and tea will be available.

There will be an hour lunch break.  The map posted below shows restaurants in easy walking distance and includes their websites.  It also contains directions on parking.

The topics being covered and their presenters are:

  • Real World and SCA Laws – Mistress Katherine Barr
  • Food:  Options and Considerations – Meister Dietrich
  • Registration and Gate – Mistress Eleanor Catlyng
  • Guide to Jewish Holidays – Lord Gundormr Dengir
  • Publicizing Events –  Baroness Anastasia Guta
  • Making New People Welcome – Lady Aaradyn Ghyoot
  • Considerations for Children – Mistress Leonete d’Angley
  • Special Needs – Mistress Eleanor Catlyng
  • Hotel Events – Mistress Fia Kareman
  • Camping Events –  Lord Ulfr Steinsson

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For more information, see the event listing on the East Kingdom website.

Refill the Royal Toybox

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Pieter Bruegel HoepelsUnto the People of the East, greetings!

The Royal Toybox has become a popular feature of court, made possible by the generosity of the artisans and craftsmen of Our populace.  We hope you and the children have enjoyed both the chase of reigns past and the learning opportunities recently.  Supplies in the box are running low and We would ask for donations to refill it.  Ideal donations are small, period-appropriate toys and games, without too many small pieces, suitable for boys and girls alike.

In Service to the East,
Brion Rex and Anna Regina

Donations can be delivered to the royal room at any event or given directly to their Majesties or retainers. Please include a note with the names of the donators.

In Memoriam: Lorenzo Quintain

Lord Lorenzo Quintain, mundanely known as Larry Scharf, passed from this world on November 7, 2016. He was an early founding member and subchieftain of the legendary House Three Skulls and a member of the Barony of An Dubhaigeainn, being one of its former Seneschals. He was a dedicated member of the Society, active as a Heavy List Fighter, Fencer, and Archer. Outside of the SCA he was the CEO and Co-Founder of Brothers Grim Games in Selden, NY and worked for the Suffolk County Police Department for over 27 years. Lord Lorenzo received his AoA in 1988 and was known by many for his stories, his friendliness, and his generous nature.

The Gazette thanks Lady Rue for her words, and Fiona the Volatile for the photograph.

In Memoriam – Lord Avraham ben Ahron

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Photo courtesy of Lady Lavina Attewode and Baroness Sara di Salaparuta

Lord Avraham ben Ahron passed away on October 20 after a brief battle with cancer.  Avraham was a lifelong resident of Eastern Connecticut except for a few years spent in Boston during his education.  His research into Sogdian culture and Gers (Yurts) was notable, as was his infectious enthusiasm and his generosity in sharing his work.  Avraham was among the first SCA ger builders and built his first over thirty years ago.  He researched Mongolian and other Silk Road cultures and artifacts.

Avraham was active in the SCA for many years, although he was absent for some time due to family obligations.  Baron of Dragonship Haven, Master  Joseph of the Red Griffin of Dragonship Haven, remembers making his first armor with Avrahm’s direction and help in Avrahm’s driveway sometime in the mid-1980s. Avraham was inducted into the Order of the Yale, Dragonship Haven’s Baronial service order, in 1981.  In 1987, he became a member of the Order of the Hawk’s Bell, a Dragonship Haven Baronial A&S order that has since closed.   The East bestowed an Award of Arms on him in 1982.

Master Jaji shared the following memories of Avraham.

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Avraham at Pennsic. Photo courtesy of Virag Qarabay.

“Avrahm ben Ahron broke ground and blazed trails in the fields of Jews in the SCA period, and those who lived on/near the Steppes in particular. If you have seen a yurt (ger) in the SCA over the last 30 years, chances are it was based at least partly on his design. He forged his own blade which he carried proudly…even if he felt there were 27 flaws which he was surprised no one could see (but himself, of course).

As a dutiful son, he stopped his life entirely to care for his ailing mother. When she passed several years ago, he ‘returned to the fold’. Those who knew him before he stopped coming around welcomed him back, and those who had never met him had a chance to do so. He searched long and hard to locate the appropriate fabric for garb his new researches had shown him was more appropriate for his persona. He wore that as proudly as the saber he forged…along with the bow, quiver, and arrows he also made. I am honored to say that he called me a friend all these years. “

An obituary can be found online.