Arts & Sciences Research Paper #26: The Brief Experiment of Medici Porcelain

Our twenty-sixth Research Paper comes to us from Lady Agnes Marie de Calais. She begins by writing about a unique small ceramic item she came across in a museum one day, and this paper is evidence of the research she has begun to dive into related to that unique item.

(Prospective future contributors, please check out our updated Call for Papers.)

The Brief Experiment of Medici Porcelain

     In the summer of 2018, while visiting the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, I stumbled upon an interesting piece of pottery and began to wonder about its origin. I had no idea at the time that this seemingly common piece of tableware actually represented a major manufacturing moment in late European Medieval history, the development of soft paste porcelain. A complex, scientific and secret history surrounds this one precious medieval material, often given as a gift to royalty. And, like most things owned by royalty, those around them sought a copy of the work they could afford.

The Importance of Porcelain in Medieval Western Europe

Our story begins in 1295 when a very small item arrived in Venice that changed an entire industry. This small white bottle from Qingbai province, China, had been carried by Marco Polo around the world and survived hazards unknown. It had a unique smooth texture, remarkable strength compared to its thinness, and a glaze that appeared almost as though it was a fine layer of glass. We know of it from writings, but the actual extant piece has been lost to history, as well as the knowledge of what it held.

Continue reading

Eastern Results from March 2019 LoAR


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badge Herald


The Society College of Arms runs on monthly cycles and letters. Each month, the College processes name and armory submissions from all of the Kingdoms. Final decisions on submissions are made at the monthly meetings of the Pelican Queen of Arms (names) and the Wreath King of Arms (armory). Pelican and Wreath then write up their decisions in a Letter of Acceptances and Return (LoAR). After review and proofreading, LoARs generally are released two months after the meeting where the decisions are made.

An “acceptance” indicates that the item(s) listed are now registered with the Society. A “return” indicates that the item is returned to the submitter for additional work. Most items are registered without comments. Sometimes, the LoAR will address specific issues about the name or armory or will praise the submitter/herald on putting together a very nice historically accurate item.

The following results are from the March 2019 Wreath and Pelican meetings.

EAST acceptances

Admiranda Gower. Name change from Iulia Alba and device change. Azure, a gower sejant erect contourny argent, on a chief Or an arrow sable.

Submitted as Miranda Gower, we were unable to find documentation for Miranda as a given name in a language compatible with English. The French citation in the Letter of Intent, unfortunately, was not for a given name but refers to a Spanish place name. Although documentation exists for Miranda as a Spanish given name, Spanish and English cannot be combined under Appendix C of SENA.

With the submitter’s permission, we have changed the name to Admiranda Gower, an entirely English name.

The submitter’s previous name, Iulia Alba, is retained as an alternate name.

Nice cant! According to Bruce Batonvert, “In case anyone’s confused by the blazon, gower is in fact a period blazon alternative for the greyhound — as found in the canting arms of Gower, c.1460.”

The submitter’s previous device, Or, on a sun gules three mullets one and two Or, is retained as a badge.

Aloysius Sartore. Name (see RETURNS for device).

Nice 14th century Venetian name!

al-Y{a-}sam{i-}n al-Sard{a-}niyya. Name and device. Per bend sinister gules and sable, on a sun Or an anchor sable.

Arnaut Dupont. Name and device. Gules, in pale three bridges of two spans argent.

Nice cant!

Aurelia Teodosia del Sete. Name.

The documentation in the Letter of Intent did not support the submitted spelling of Teodosia for the second given name. The cited article instead showed Teodesia. Fortunately, in commentary, Maridonna Benvenuti supplied documentation for Teodosia, allowing the name to be registered as submitted.

Bella Tessitore. Name and device. Per pale gules and sable, two rams rampant addorsed argent.

Nice Italian name from Pisa in the 15th and 16th centuries!

Bianca di Alessandro. Device change. Per bend argent and azure, a bend Or between a rose and a goblet counterchanged.

The submitter’s previous device, Azure, a chalice and on a chief engrailed argent three roses azure barbed and seeded proper, is retained as a badge.

Bjargey Geirr Hrafnsdottir. Name and device. Per chevron argent and gules, a feather and in chief two spears in chevron sable.

Submitted as Bjargey Geirkona Hrafnsdottir, the submitter desires a name meaning “spearwoman.” However, the constructed byname Geirkona does not have that meaning; it appears to be a misspelling of Geirskona, meaning “wife of a man named Geirr.”

The Old Norse word Geirr means “spear.” A woman named Bjargey Geirr would be understood as a woman who uses or is associated with a spear. Accordingly, with the submitter’s permission, we have changed the name to Bjargey Geirr Hrafnsdottir to best reflect the desired meaning.

Brit Taillyell. Name change from Mary of the Stuwes.

The submitter’s previous name, Mary of the Stuwes, is released.

Cáirthenn Ruadh. Name and device. Per pale sable and argent, a chevron between two trefoils and a crescent counterchanged.

This name can be registered as a combination of pre-1200 and post-1200 Irish Gaelic orthography, as the elements are attested within 500 years of each other. For an internally consistent name, Cáirthenn Ruad_ is an entirely pre-1200 (Middle Irish) spelling. If the submitter prefers this form, they may make a request for reconsideration.

Catalina Beatriz de las Torres. Name and device. Vert, on a fess argent a brown bear statant proper, a chief raguly argent.

Submitted as Catalina Beatriz de la Torres, the locative byname is not correctly constructed because Torres is a feminine plural noun. Therefore, the correct construction is de las Torres. With the submitter’s permission, we have made this change for registration.

As modified, nice Spanish name from the 15th century onwards!

Cillene O Caollaidhe. Device. Per pale purpure and argent, a butterfly counterchanged, on a chief Or five trefoils vert.

Elizabeth Ivette. Name change from Elizabeth of Rivenstar and badge. Or, a weaver’s shuttle bendwise, in base two clews of yarn azure.

The submitter requested authenticity for 14th century English. This name is authentic for 13th century England through the very beginning of the 14th century.

The submitter’s previous name, Elizabeth of Rivenstar, is released.

Hedewigis Ockenfüßin. Badge. (Fieldless) On a decrescent argent an owl sable.

Hof-Úlfr hórr. Name.

Submitted as Úlfr hofhórr, the byname was not correctly constructed. Hof- is a prepended byname, which means it is properly placed before the given name. In addition, no evidence was found of compound descriptive bynames using either the elements Hof- or hórr. With the submitter’s permission, we have changed the name to Hof-Úlfr hórr, using the attested Old Norse pattern of two descriptive bynames where one is a prepended byname appearing before the given name.

The submitter requested authenticity for meaning (“Temple Whore”) and Norse culture. This request was not summarized on the Letter of Intent. Fortunately, Seraphina Ragged Staff identified the authenticity request during commentary, allowing sufficient time for research. This name is not authentic for the submitter’s requested meaning and cannot be made authentic for it as we could not find any evidence of the concept of a “temple whore” or “sacred prostitute” in Norse culture.

The name as requested by the submitter does not mean “temple whore.” The byname Hof- refers to an enclosed space for public functions, such as a temple or a court. The byname hórr means “adulterer.” Accordingly, this name means something like “Úlfr, the adulterer, who is associated with a temple or king’s court.”

Mægwynn filia Brun. Name.

Mairi Crawford. Name and device. Azure, in pale three clouds Or.

This name combines a Gaelic given name with an English or Scots byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

Nice device!

Margery Winthrop. Name and device. Azure, on an open book proper a domestic cat sejant azure.

Nice 16th century English name!

Matteo Genovese. Household name House of Sharp Edge (see RETURNS for badge).

Submitted as House _ Sharp Edge, this name was not correctly constructed. Sharp Edge is a compound English place name, referring to the crest of a hill or ridge owned by a family with the surname Sharp, using a pattern attested in “Compound Placenames in English” by Juliana de Luna ( However, the pattern House X is not found in English; this construction was ruled unregisterable in December 2007, [Sythe Blackwolfe, R-Calontir], and we have yet to see any new evidence that might support a change to precedent.

With the submitter’s permission, we have changed the name to House of Sharp Edge, using an attested pattern for household names based on English or Scots place names. [Edward Grey of Lochleven. Household name House of Lochleven, 7/2009 LoAR, A-East]

Micha{l/} Bia{l/}y. Name and device. Gules, a Latin cross bottony Or winged, a chief embattled argent.

Nice 16th century Polish name!

Muirgel Bera. Name.

This name combines a Gaelic given name with an Old English byname, an acceptable lingual mix under Appendix C.

Oscar Goerijs Goriszoon. Name change from Goerijs Goriszoon.

The elements Goerijis and Goriszoon are already registered to the submitter and thus are treated as neutral in time and language under the Existing Registration Clause, PN1B2g, and can be combined with the late period English given name Oscar.

The submitter’s previous name, Goerijs Goriszoon, is retained as an alternate name.

Oskar of the Wood. Household name Company of Crescent Keep and badge association. Gules, a decrescent Or within a bordure ermine.

Questions were raised in commentary about whether Crescent was a plausible surname given that it appears in England as a given name considerably after the era when literal patronymics were common. Fortunately, after the close of commentary, Jeanne Marie Noir Licorne found Crescent as a surname in a collection of London marriage licenses from 1562-63. Crescent Keep, therefore, is a plausible constructed 16th century English place name and this household name follows the attested English pattern naming groups of people after places.

Sveinn Ívarsson. Name.

Nice 9th-10th century Icelandic name!

Tashiro Kojirou Kageharu. Device. Per bend argent and sable, a mitsutomoe sable.

Please see this month’s cover letter for a discussion on mitsutomoe.

There is a step from period practice for the use of mitsutomoe.

Volmar Sollons. Device. Azure, in pale three domestic sea-cats naiant guardant between flaunches Or.

Xavier de Paulo. Name and device. Azure semy of estoiles, on a cross formy Or a cross couped azure.

EAST returns

Aloysius Sartore. Device. Argent, a brown stick hobbyhorse issuant from base proper bridled argent, a bordure sable semy of increscents argent.

This device is returned for lack of contrast between the argent reins of the hobbyhorse and the underlying field. While such details may have low contrast, they cannot have zero contrast.

Upon resubmission, the submitter is advised to make the reins a tincture other than argent, and strongly encouraged to choose a color rather than a metal.

Matteo Genovese. Badge for House of Sharp Edge. (Fieldless) Two axes in saltire and overall a dagger argent.

This badge is returned for conflict with the device of Absolon of Hereford, Per pale gules and sable, a sheaf of halberds argent. There’s one DC for fielded vs fieldless armory. There’s no difference for the type of axe. We’ve changed 1/3 of the charges in the sheaf, which is less than is needed for the second DC.

Position Opening- Society Webminister


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SCA shield logo


The Society for Creative Anachronism (SCA) is seeking candidates for the position of Society Webminister.

This position reports to the SCA Board of Directors through the Office of the President. The Society Webminister is a supervisory position of Kingdom Webministers and is not involved in the maintenance of the Corporate website (

The Society Webminister is responsible for the following duties:

1. Ongoing development and revision of the Society Webminister’s policies and procedures, as detailed in the Society Webminister Handbook. This work will include solutions for website issues as they develop; observing trends; awareness of potential issues and streamlining webministry policies to provide better service to the SCA.

2. Develop and enforce clear guidelines for local SCA group websites based on the standards found in the Society Webminister’s Handbook.

3. Warranting of kingdom-level Webministers.

4. Supervision of all kingdom-level websites, including proper use of domain names, monitoring content, regular reporting from Kingdom Webministers, and enforcement of the Society Webministry policies and procedures.

5. Acting as a subject matter expert and resource regarding issues related to websites at the kingdom and local levels.

6. Quarterly reporting to the Board of Directors for the Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc.

Required Qualifications:

* Moderate to expert proficiency in web-related technologies (e.g. HTML, Java, PHP, ASP, web hosting issues, etc.);
* Microsoft Word proficiency;
* The ability to clearly communicate via email, phone, and in written reports; and
* Dependable email access, internet, and phone access.

Desired Qualifications:

* Prior experience as a Webminister in the SCA; and
* Prior experience as an officer at the Kingdom or Baronial level.

Those interested in the position of Society Webminister should submit hard copies of résumés (both professional and SCA related, including offices held and honors) to the attention of ‘The Board of Directors’, SCA, Inc., P.O. Box 360789, Milpitas, CA 95036-0789. Electronic courtesy copies should also be sent to and The deadline for applications is August 1, 2019.

If you wish to send a comment, please use the subject line “2019 Webminister posting”.

Comments are strongly encouraged and can be sent to:
SCA Inc.
Box 360789
Milpitas,  CA 95036

You may also email

This announcement is an official informational release by the Society for Creative Anachronism , Inc.  Permission is granted to reproduce this announcement in its entirety in newsletters, websites and electronic mailing lists.

Passing of Society Webminister


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Members of The Society:

I have some sad news to share with you all.

We have recently learned of the passing of the Society Webminister, Lord Markus der Jäger (Uwe M. Donaldson).

Uwe was a long time, extremely dedicated member of the Society, and held a variety of offices before taking the office of Society Webminister.

Although his tenure was short, it was extremely fruitful. His zest for the role and his work in helping the Society was clear and earnest.

Thank you, sir. You will be sorely missed.

In service,

Aaron Palomides of Buckminster (mka Aaron Rusty Lloyd)
VP, Information Technology, SCA Inc.

Comments are strongly encouraged and can be sent to:
SCA Inc.
Box 360789
Milpitas,  CA 95036

You may also email

This announcement is an official informational release by the Society for Creative Anachronism , Inc.  Permission is granted to reproduce this announcement in its entirety in newsletters, websites and electronic mailing lists.

Current Ombudsman Assignments – April 2019



SCA shield logoThe current Ombudsman assignments are:

Craig Carter – Chairman
Ombudsman for: President, Society Seneschal, Corporate Office, Financial Officers, Executive Assistant

John St. Dennis – Vice-Chairman
Ombudsman for: Board Recruiting, Ansteorra, Gleann Abhann, Meridies, Trimaris

Natalie Degerstrom -Director
Ombudsman for: An Tir, Caid, West, Marshal, Membership Committee

T.S. Morgan – Director
Ombudsman for: Information Technology (Webminister and Webmaster), Calontir, Northshield, Outlands

Vandy Pacetti-Donelson – Director
Ombudsman for: Publications (TI, CA, Chronicler), Communications, Artemisia, Atenveldt, A&S

Richard Sherman – Director
Ombudsman for: Aethlemerc Financial Committee Drachenwald, Ealdormere, Lochac

Dan Watson – Director
Ombudsman for: Heralds, Atlantia, East, Middle, Peerage Committee

If you wish to send in a comment, please use the subject line “Ombudsman April 2019”

Comments are strongly encouraged and can be sent to:
SCA Inc.
Box 360789
Milpitas,  CA 95036

You may also email

This announcement is an official informational release by the Society for Creative Anachronism , Inc.  Permission is granted to reproduce this announcement in its entirety in newsletters, websites and electronic mailing lists.

Carolingia Welcomes Newcomers in Second Memorial Event



On May 11, the Barony of Carolingia hosted an event called Otter’s Welcome.  The event is in memory of the late Rose Otter, who was well known for her warm personality and hospitality towards newcomers.  The event included fencing, fighting, thrown weapons, combat and target archery, as well as a family point with a variety of classes.  Those interested in Arts and Sciences got a chance to try their hand at calligraphy, wood carving, and narrowwork, as well as several other hands-on demonstrations.  The event also included a dayboard with researched recipes, court, and dancing.

Event steward Kira of Carolingia was inspired by the first Otter’s Welcome, and said “As autocrats, we not only get to experience the Dream, but make that come alive for others. Arngeirr and I want to thank everyone for helping to make that Dream come alive for us and for all the newcomers who came out today!”

Queen Fortune gave tokens to the many newcomers.

Responses to TRM Second Polling Due TONIGHT (5/19/19)


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Arms of the East Kingdom surrounded by the badges of the Kingdom orders of high meritResponses to the second polling of Their Majesties Ozurr and Fortune need to be submitted before midnight TONIGHTSunday, May 19th. The polls close at 11:59 pm, and the polling link you received in your email will be inactive after that time.

Polls are sent to the members of the Orders of High Merit and the Peerages so that they may provide input to the Crown on future members. Orders which conduct polls include the Chivalry, Laurel, Pelican, and Defense, as well as the Silver Crescent, Tygers Combatant, Sagittarius, Maunche, Golden Rapier, Golden Lance, and Golden Mantle.

If you are a member of one of the Orders of High Merit or the Peerage listed above and are not currently receiving polling emails, please sign up via the instructions on the East Kingdom Polling Lists page. Please note that the discussion lists and the polling lists must be subscribed separately.

First Court of Ozurr and Fortune


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East Kingdom College of Heralds



Being the Court of Their Majesties/Their Excellencies
held on 4/6/2019
in the Province of Ostgardr
at Coronation of Ozurr and Fortune
Court Heralds: Zhigmun’ Czypsser, Malcolm Bowman, Violet Hughes
Reporting Herald: Zhigmun’ Czypsser


Order SCA Name Award C&I
  Banishment-Angela Puccinelli

Banishment-Jeffrey Santo

1 Vienna de la Mer County and Lady of the Rose Nest verch Tangwistel, Amy Webbe, Cellack ingen Cairneigh, Elizabet Marshall, Marietta Charay, Ygraine of Kellswood
2 Wilhelm von Ostenbrucke County Onora ingheann Ui Rauric
3 Violet Hughes Silver Tyger Malys Macgregor
4 Conrad Jarnhand Silver Tyger Ommadan inigena Ru (aka Mouse)
5 Tiberius Trebellius Severus AoA and Tyger’s Eye Vettorio Antonello
6 Anastasia Antonello Tyger’s Eye token only
7 Caoilfhionn inghean Ceallachain Tyger’s Eye token only
8 Anne of Ostgardr AoA scroll not present/ Matilda Fossaway(unknown location)

  Continue reading

Unofficial court report of their Majesties Crown Tournament


Being the Court of, Their Majesties Ozurr and Fortune, held on May 4, 2019, A.S. LIV (2019) in the Shire of Caer Adamant at Spring Crown Tournament

Court Heralds: Master Malcolm Bowman, Baron Keziah Planchet,
Lady Simona bat Leon

Reporting Herald: Master Malcolm Bowman

SCA Name, Award, C&I

Luis de Castilla, Prince, No scroll

Margarita De’Sienna, Princess, No scroll

Lord Seamus Mac Neachtain by Countess Lea Grarvargr
Count Ioannes Aurelius Serpentius by Duchess Kiena Stewart
Lord Talen Wristbiter by Duchess Thyra Eiriksdottir
Sir Sterling de la Rosa by Duchess Katherine Stanhope
Lord Matteo Cole Amici by Duchess Caoilfhionn inghean Fhaoláin
Sir Ryouko’jin Of-The Iron-Skies by Princess Margarita De’ Siena
Lady Jehannette Bouchart by Queen Fortune Sancte Keyne
Terec of Caer Adamant  by Countess Honig von Summerfeldt
Sir Jan Janowicz Bogdanski by Duchess Bronwyn Dawntreader
Caitlyn of Caer Adamant and Sir Arne Ulrichsson by Duchess Etheldreda Yvelchylde, Rose Tokens, Token Only

Ryouko’Jin of Iron Skies, Shield of Chivalry, No scroll

Arne Ulrichsson, Admiral of the Armies, Hat and whistle only

Anderson Lanning, AoA, C:Thyra Eiríksdóttir
I: Carmelina da Vicari
W: Matthias Grunewald

Rudolf Seige, Tyger’s Eye, Token only

Tommaso Valeriano, Writ for Pelican, Elizabeth Elenore Lovell 

Maeve O’Morain, Troubadour, Token only 

Runi inn Irski, Silver Tyger, Marieta Charay
W: Sisuile Butler

Saikhan Saran, Silver Wheel, Mariette de Bretagne

Adam Trent, Silver Wheel, Mýrún Leifsdóttir

Nancy Alyn, Silver Wheel, Mari Clock van Hoorne

Mari Clock van Hoorne, Silver Brooch, Mairi Crawford
W: Sean Dubh

Zhelana Tomeslavits, Court Barony w/GoA, W&C: Thyra Eiríksdóttir
I: Mergriet von Wijenhorst 

Alison Wodehalle, Maunche, Shoshana Gryffyth

  • The Toybox was run by Muireadhach O Cuileannain
  • The newcomer in attendance was presented with a token
  • Their Royal Majesties Ozurr and Fortune presented tokens of appreciation to Veronica Rosso & Shoshana Gryfftyh

Balfar’s Challenge Court Report


Photo by: Clay Patrick McBride




East Kingdom College of Heralds


Court Report


Being the Court of Their Majesties/Their Excellencies
held on 4/27/2019
in the Barony of Dragonship Haven
at Balfar’s Challenge
Court Heralds: Zhigmun’ Czypsser, Malcolm Bowman
Reporting Herald: Zhigmun’ Czypsser


Order SCA Name Award C&I
1 Onryo of Iron Bog Silver Tyger Tola knitýr
2 Muireadhach O Cuileannain Silver Tyger Onora ingheann Ui Rauirc
3 Bregowine of Horseheath OTC Cassius (Pontianus)
4 Pandarus, aka Panda OTC Aurelia Colleoni a’Buccaforn
5 Midir of Quintavia Silver Rapier Nataliia Anastasiia Evgenova
6 Theobald Kendric Silver Tyger No scroll, given on the field
7 Bella di Sicilia AoA Gillianne de Solis
8 Katerina Falconer de Lanark Silver Brooch Aaradyn Ghyoot
9 Anne de Basillon Silver Brooch Heather Rose de Gordoun


Order SCA Name Award C&I
10 Hrothgar of An Dubhaigeainn Silver Mantle Violet Hughes and Fiona the Volatile
11 Onóra ingheainn Uí Rauric Silver Crescent Christiana Crane and Brennan mac Fearghus
12 Euric Germanicus Chivalry Onora ingheann Ui Rauirc
13 Llewellyn Walsh Order of Defense Vettorio Antonello
  Timbrien ran the the childrens box

Tokens were given to newcomers


Her Royal Majesty set forth a challenge to the armored combatants of the East, to bring their honor, chivalry and best efforts to the list field that she may appoint a Queens Champion of Armored combat, until such time the next armored champion tournament will be held. Having witnessed the days festivities, and conferred with the Companions of the Order of the Rose present that day, did she bestow the honor of Queens Armored Champion upon one such gentile, The Honorable Lord Duarcaín MacWard.